September 2021


Senecavirus A (SVA) has been demonstrated to be a causative agent for vesicular disease in swine. It is clinically indistinguishable from other agents that cause vesicular disease such as foot-and-mouth disease virus (FMDV), which is a reportable foreign animal disease (FAD). Thus, an investigation is initiated to rule out FMDV every time a vesicle is observed. Senecavirus A has now been reported across the Americas and Asia, and it appears the ecology of this virus has changed from sporadic infections to an endemic disease in some areas. In addition to vesicular disease, there have also been reports of increased neonatal mortality on affected sow farms. Knowledge about the pathogenesis of SVA in swine can provide many benefits to the swine industry. Understanding how long the virus can be detected in various sample types after infection can aide in choosing the correct samples to collect for diagnosis. In addition, the duration of virus shedding can help determine measures to control virus spread between animals. Prevention of SVA infection and disease with an efficacious vaccine could improve swine welfare, minimize SVA transmission, and reduce the burden of FAD investigations.

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Alexandra C. Buckley, DVM, PhD; Kelly M. Lager, DVM, PhD